No matter when a baby is born – summer or winter it is well equipped with a baby cap. Outside of mum’s belly it is still difficult to regulate the temperature. A first hat will keep your head warm or protect you from too much sun. It is also a nice protection for the sensitive skullcap.
It is not for nothing that it is a popular activity among expectant mothers to knit a first hat and other baby clothes during maternity leave at the latest. Colour and pattern can be chosen and the size can be individually adjusted. However, it is not certain how big the baby and its head will be before birth. Therefore, in this manual we will give you a few orders of magnitude that you can use as a guide when knitting your first hat. Our baby hat in the patent pattern is particularly soft and stretchy. This makes it ideal for the colder days of the year and the fast growing baby head.
Information on size
When knitting a cap, two dimensions are essential: the circumference of the head and the height of the cap. The circumference refers to the thickest part of the head measured above the ears. With this size you start your first hat at the cuff. The height of the flat cap reaches from the lower edge to the tip. The height can vary depending on the shape of the head. A cuff for turning gives a certain leeway here.
The following rules of thumb apply to the dimensions of the baby cap:
If you have the possibility, it is of course always better to take the measurements directly on the baby. Always remember that knitted clothing is stretchy. The first hat in this manual has the potential to grow with you for several months.
Material for the first hat
approx. 15 g pink and 15 g white merino wool, barrel length 160 m/ 50 g
Needle gauge size 3
1 wool needle
The material specifications refer to a first hat for a newborn. A baby hat needs very little wool and is quickly knitted. Therefore it is also a nice project to recycle wool remnants.
take off on the left
First hat knitting
The two-coloured patent pattern in rounds
The full patent in rounds does not differ greatly from the patent pattern in rows. The only difference is that in every second row the stitches are knitted with an envelope on the left. So there are two pattern rounds. The first follows the pattern: alternately knit 1 stitch with the cover on the right and lift 1 stitch with the cover on the left. The second round is: 1 stitch with the cover on the left, 1 stitch with the cover on the left.
The rounds always end with the same mesh that begins the next round. So if the round ends with a loop on the left with an envelope, then the first loop of the following round is also lifted with an envelope on the left. This doubling is not noticeable later in the pattern.
With the two-colour patent it is now the case that you knit the two pattern rounds in different colours. The main colour is used in the round with the right stitches, the background colour in the round with the left stitches. In our case, the main color was pink and the background color was white.
Tip: The baby cap can also be worn on links. Here the background color dominates.
Once you have determined the size of your baby cap, make a mesh test as usual. Knit the stitch sample in a full patent. This will result in the number of stitches required for the stop. In our case, the 10 cm x 10 cm stitch sample delivered a good 27 stitches and 70 rows. Based on the size of a first hat of 35 cm circumference and 12 cm height, this resulted in 96 meshes and 84 rounds.
In your main colour, strike the calculated number of stitches. Always round to an even number of stitches. Choose a loose stitch stop, for example with two knitting needles.
The first rounds are knitted in the main colour only. In the first round after the stop you start with a right stitch. The following stitches are taken off alternately on the left with the yo and knitted on the right.
The round ends with a stitch, which you lift off with an envelope. This is also how the second round starts. Now simply follow the pattern rows of the full patent in rounds. This means for this round that you alternately take off one stitch with the envelope on the left and knit one stitch with the envelope on the left.
Note: A common mistake with the full patent is that the stitch with the envelope is not lifted off on the left but is inadvertently knitted off on the left!
Knit 3 cm or 21 rounds in the monochrome full patent. The last round should be the pattern round in which the stitches are knitted together with the cover on the right.
Now add the second color. Knit the next round in the background color. In this round the stitches are knitted together with the cover on the left.
From now on you change colour after each round. Cross the two threads at the transition to the next round so that there is no hole. To do this, place the thread from the previous round over the thread from the new round before knitting the first stitch. Make sure that the thread remains on the back of the piece.
In the second part, meshes are removed regularly. With the two-colour full patent, it is best for the design if only every 4th round in the same place is removed. In addition, 2 stitches must always be removed at a time to obtain the ribbed pattern. The goal is to have only 8 stitches left on the needles at the end. This means that you have to decrease 96-8 = 88 stitches. Since 4 stitches are slimmed per slimming round, you need a total of 22 slimming rounds. Because only every 2nd round is slimmed, you need to knit 44 rounds to reduce from 96 to 8 stitches. So, with 84 laps in total, you start to lose weight after the 40th lap.
You decrease 4 stitches in every 2nd round. The point of decrease on all 4 needles is after the first two stitches. (NOT as in the photo in the middle of the needle!) It is best to mark these points in two different colours. The first and the third needle will get the same marking color and the second and the fourth needle.
Decrease two stitches at a time by knitting three stitches together on the right. This is always one stitch with cover, one single stitch and another stitch with cover. It is a bit difficult to knit so many stitches together at first. If in doubt, first stitch through all the stitches as if you were knitting on the left. This will loosen them a little. Now take off 2 stitches each on the 1st and 3rd needle in the 1st round. This is followed by a normal pattern round. In the 2nd round you take off 2 stitches each on the 2nd and 4th needle according to the marking. This will continue alternately until you have only 8 stitches left on the needles.
Tip: Since the inspections are somewhat tricky and lost meshes in the patent are difficult to pick up again, a safety line is worthwhile. To do this, use the wool needle to pull a thread through all the stitches on the needles. Knot the protruding ends. At this point you can easily start again if you have problems.
You can knit the tail as you wish to match the size of your first hat. Continue knitting with the 8 stitches until you are satisfied. We have worked the end over 8 rounds.
In the last round you knit 2 stitches (one simple and one with cover) together on the right.
Cut off the threads and pull both colours through the remaining 4 stitches using the wool needle. Stitch on the inside of the cap and sew the threads there.
Note: Be careful about invisible sewing if you want to use the baby cap from the left side as well.
Now your first hat is finished!